Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) africanus

Scientific name Common name(s) alternate scientific names described by year size brood

Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) africanus

African Chameleon Chamaeleo mexicanus, Chamaeleo candidus, Chamaeleo aegiptius, Chamaeleo calcaratus, Chamaeleo basiliscus, Chamaeleon basiliscus, Chamaeleon basilicus
see a species list of Chamaeleo
Laurenti 1768 Medium Eggs

Widely and abundantly distributed across Sub-Saharan (including western Nigeria and Cameroon) and north Africa as well as the horn of Africa. There is also a small, introduced, population in southern Greece. Endemic to the dry forests and savannahs, C. africanus reaches total length od 12=16 inches. Thy are reported to be moderately aggressive toward conspecifics but relatively docile toward keepers. . 

General Characteristics: Similar to C. chamaeleon but with a higher and more pointed casque. Occipital lobes are not developed. Relatively low ventral, dorsal and gular crests are formed by conical scales. Often confused with C. calcaricarens, formerly considered a subspecies of C. africanus. However, males of C. africanus possess a tarsal spur but males of C. calcaricarens do not. The basic color is green but may be gray or yellow. Two thin, horizontal bands of variably-colored but often yellow) markings along the flanks. Females of both subspecies lack spurs. Males have a broader tail base. Eggs: Up to 70 eggs are laid in a single clutch with one clutch per year being typical. Sexual maturity is reached 12-16 months

Contributed by E. Pollak

Klaver, C. & W. Boehme. 1997. Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich, 112: i-xiv' 1 - 85. Verlag Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, New York.?
Martin, J., 1992. Masters of Disguise: A Natural History of Chameleons. Facts On File, Inc., New York, NY.
Necas, P. 1999. Chameleons: Nature's Hidden Jewels. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, FL.

Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) africanus
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